三磷酸腺苷 Adenosine triphosphate(ATP)

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三磷酸腺苷 Adenosine triphosphate(ATP)

三磷酸腺苷(ATP) 是一种复杂的有机化学物, 它提供能量来驱动活细胞中的许多过程, 例如肌肉收缩、神经冲动传播和化学合成。ATP 存在于所有生命形式中, 通常被称为细胞内能量转移的 "分子货币单位"。当消耗在新陈代谢过程中, 它转换到二磷酸腺苷(ADP) 或腺苷单磷酸 (AMP)。其他过程再生 ATP, 使人体每天在 ATP 中回收其自身的相当于体重的体重。 它也是DNA 和 RNA 的前体, 并用作辅酶。从生物化学的角度来看, ATP 被归类为三磷酸核苷, 这表明它由三个组成部分组成: 含氮碱 (腺嘌呤)、糖核糖和三磷酸盐。
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is a complex organic chemical that provides energy to drive many processes in living cells, e.g. muscle contraction, nerve impulse propagation, and chemical synthesis. Found in all forms of life, ATP is often referred to as the "molecular unit of currency" of intracellular energy transfer.When consumed in metabolic processes, it converts either to adenosine diphosphate (ADP) or to adenosine monophosphate (AMP). Other processes regenerate ATP so that the human body recycles its own body weight equivalent in ATP each day.It is also a precursor to DNA and RNA, and is used as a coenzyme. From the perspective of biochemistry, ATP is classified as a nucleoside triphosphate, which indicates that it consists of three components: a nitrogenous base (adenine), the sugar ribose, and the triphosphate.
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