17 Typical Cognitive Distortions

17 Typical Cognitive Distortions
This mind map was made with XMind

Share this mind map

XMind Map added Fri, Nov 4, 2016
via API

17 Typical Cognitive Distortions

17 Typical Cognitive Distortions
Cognitive distortions are simply ways that our mind convinces us of something that isn’t really true. These inaccurate thoughts are usually used to reinforce negative thinking or emotions - telling ourselves things that sound rational and accurate, but really only serve to keep us feeling bad about ourselves.

l. Mind reading
You assume that you know what people think without having sufficient evidence of their thoughts
"He thinks I'm a loser."
2. Fortune-telling
You predict the future—that things will get worse or that there is danger ahead
"I'll fail that exam," "l won't get the job."
3. Catastrophizlng
You believe that what has happened or will happen will be so awful and unbearable that you won't be able to stand it
"It would be terrible if I failed."
4. Labeling
You assign global negative traits to yourself and others
"I'm undesirable," "He's a rotten person."
5. Discounting positives
You claim that the positives that you or others attain are trivial
"That's what wives are supposed to do, so it doesn't count when she's nice to me"
"Those successes were easy, so they don't matter."
6. Negative filter
You focus almost exclusively on the negatives and seldom notice the positives
"Look at all of the people who don't like me."
7. Overgeneralizing
You perceive a global pattern of negatives on the basis of a single incident
"This generally happens to me. I seem to fail at a lot of things."
8. All-or-nothing thinking
You view events or people in all-or-nothing terms
"I get rejected by everyone"
"It was a waste of time."
9. Shoulds
You interpret events in terms of how things should be rather than simply focusing on what is
"I should do well. If I don


Please login to post comments

Related Mind Maps:



Another free XMind Personal Improvement Mind Map shared on Biggerplate! Share your own mind map templates and examples today!

Upcoming Webinars:

Goal Setting with Mind Maps
Goal Setting with Mind Maps
In our final PRO webinar of 2019, Biggerplate Founder Liam Hughes will share his approach for goal s…
Speaker: Liam Hughes
Date: 17 December 2019
Managing Projects with Mind Maps and Kanban
Managing Projects with Mind Maps and Kanban
During this webinar Teg will cover, how to set up the Kanban feature in MindManager 2019, including…
Speaker: Tegid Griffiths
Date: 14 January 2020

Online Learning with Biggerplate:

XMind PRO Tutorials
XMind PRO Tutorials
Get more from XMind with our PRO tutorials!
Copyright 2008 - 2019 Biggerplate.com Ltd. All Rights Reserved.